Checks and balances in government are not easy to create. First requirement? Literally separate institutions. For when the executive, legislative, and judiciary functions are merged into one institution, Parliament, checking each other loses all meaning. Second, separate institutions must have limited powers of encroachment into others’ territory. In India, judiciary is a separate institution but it is so disconnected that the elected branch has no power to keep it accountable to the people. Here are more examples of India’s lack of checks and balances…

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